7 months of pregnancy (28 to 31 weeks)

Congratulations! You reached 7 months of pregnancy and now the final stretch begins. After seven months of pregnancy  your baby gains weight, gains strength and prepares for birth. Of course, if your baby is gaining weight, that means you too, but with the goal in sight and last minute preparations, you don’t have to worry.

Your baby

Weight : 2-3 pounds approx.
Size : 14-17 inches approx.

Already for the third trimester, your baby has practically finished training. During the remaining time of gestation, your brain develops rapidly, gains weight, and your organs and functions mature. In addition, the following changes occur:

  • The fetal movements are strong and frequent. On average, your baby should move about ten times per hour. Use our guide How to count fetal movements (and why)?
  • The lanugo begins to fall, that fine hair that covers your baby’s body during pregnancy. At birth, you may notice a little lanugo on the shoulders, behind the ears and on the back of your little one, which are the last areas where the lanugo disappears.
  • Your baby can perceive changes in light, such as when it is day and night.
  • Your baby’s eyes already have color, although their final color will not be known until months after birth.
  • It can respond to sound, so it is an excellent opportunity to talk to you and start prenatal stimulation .
  • Your baby’s hands are acquiring skill. He often plays by stretching and shrinking his fingers, or grabs the umbilical cord.
  • As of this moment, your baby earns about 0.5 pounds per week.
  • Store minerals, such as iron and calcium.
  • The formation of layers of fat continues, which will help keep the temperature out of the uterus.

Your body

The discomforts of the third trimester of pregnancy are related to the size of your belly, such as difficulty sleeping and back pain. You can also expect the following symptoms:

  • Your mammary glands may begin to secrete a yellowish substance called colostrum .
  • Pain in the abdominal area, especially at the sides and lower part.
  • Constipation
  • Headaches or dizziness
  • Leg cramps
  • Back pain, due to the excessive weight you now carry on your belly and the imbalance of your body.
  • Swelling in hands and feet
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Difficulty breathing, which increases as your uterus grabs more of your trunk and squeezes the other organs.
  • Difficulty to sleep
  • Braxton Hicks contractions, which should not be confused with labor contractions .
  • Nerves, emotion and anxiety about the imminent arrival of your baby.

Prenatal care

One in eight births is due to preterm birth (before 37 weeks), so your doctor monitors your pregnancy very closely during the third trimester. In addition to routine tests, this month your prenatal checkup appointment includes:

  • Review to determine the possibility of preeclampsia (high blood pressure and presence of protein in the urine). Your doctor will pay special attention to symptoms, such as excessive swelling in the hands and feet, changes in vision, headaches, or sudden and excessive weight gain (more than two pounds per week).
  • Blood test to determine your iron level. If you are anemic, your doctor may recommend an additional iron supplement.
  • If your Rh factor (in your blood type) is negative, around the 28th week your doctor can give you a medicine called Rh immonuglobulin, to prevent your baby from suffering from jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes) or anemia due to incompatibility Rh in pregnancy .
  • Baby’s heart rate
  • Baby position
  • Glucose test, if you did not have it during the sixth month of pregnancy .
  • Uterus size
  • Heartbeat of your baby, using a fetal Doppler monitor (external).
  • Weight control
  • Blood pressure
  • Blood test
  • Urine test

Remember:

The seventh month of pregnancy is the ideal time to have your   baby shower  or celebration for the early arrival of the baby. Use these tips and resources to plan your baby shower

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